The Tanoak Tree: An Environmental History of a Pacific Coast Hardwood

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The end of the book focuses on hopeful changes including reintroduction of low-intensity burning to reduce conifer competition for tanoaks, emerging disease resistance in some trees, and new partnerships among tanoak defenders, including botanists, foresters, Native Americans, and plant pathologists. Toon meer Toon minder. Recensie s Especially good. Through the lens of the tanoak Bowcutt vividly brings home how carelessly and how rapidly our own species has exploited and manipulated nature, and how devastating our impacts have been.

Notholithocarpus densiflorus

It could serve as a basis for, or as part of, a seminar or class on broadening the scope of forest management to include Native American cultural values in contemporary western U. She provides a wealth of detail, citing hundreds of sourcces that enable engaged readers to further explore the tree's remarkable story. Anyone who reads Bowcutt's deeply affecting book will be prompted to add a new call to action: 'Save the Tanoaks. People with an interest in Native culture and lifeways, history, biodiversity, the environment or just fascinating reading will enjoy this book.

This is a model of how histories can deploy visuals as central storytelling tools. This is a fine addition to the literatures of historical ecology and forest history. Reviews Schrijf een review. Kies je bindwijze. Verkoop door partner van bol. In winkelwagen Op verlanglijstje. Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution Sign in.

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  • The Tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus), A Significant Santa Cruz Native Plant.

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Source: Trees of Santa Cruz County. These acorns, like specific species of oak acorns throughout most of present-day California, were used, and continue to be used as food by thefirst people of this region. Of all the acorn-producing plants in this area, tanoak is preferred for food by some contemporary Ohlones Ortiz Its wood was also a favorite for pit-oven cooking among some California Indians, because it is a hardwood like oaks Ortiz Though not an extensive amount of information exists in the present day about Ohlone use for the tanoak, there are more records of its use by people from other regions in California.

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This information is available in more detail in the documents of the Works Cited. In the many years of the tanning industry in this county, countless tanoak trees were cut down or shed of their bark for use in tanning hides into leather. From until , with a few gap years when operations slowed, Santa Cruz County tanneries turned hides into leather products, using tannins from tanoak bark, though to a lesser degree as new chemicals for tanning were used.

Source: Mendorailhistory. The number of cords per year increased over time to add up to a total of 1,, tanoak cords used in that 57 year timeframe.

The Tanoak Tree: An Environmental History of a Pacific Coast Hardwood

Estimating on the low end at 4 trees per cord, that adds up to 6,, trees felled in California for tanning leather, just within the dates listed Jepson Over time, methods for tanning hides became less dependent upon tanoak bark and turned to other materials. Today, there is no tanning industry in Santa Cruz, and the only obvious evidence of its existence is in the name of the arts center that has replaced the Salz Tannery, the Tannery Arts Center. The newer growth of tanoak trees in our forests are another form of evidence.

Today, these trees can be found in many places in the County, often near Coast Redwoods Sequoia sempervirens and growing meters, or feet, tall Casterson One example of a place you can see these trees is along the dirt road in Nisene Marks State Park on the way to the Porter Family Picnic Area; however, hikers and mountain bikers should be careful to avoid spreading Sudden Oak Death Phytophthora ramorum , a contemporary threat to the tan oak and oak trees throughout California and Oregon.

Dark brown sap may stain the lower trunk's bark. Bark may split and exude gum, with visible discoloration.

After the tree dies back, suckers will try to sprout the next year, but their tips soon bend and die. Ambrosia beetles Monarthrum scutellare will most likely infest a dying tree during midsummer, producing piles of fine white dust near tiny holes.

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Later, bark beetles Pseudopityophthorus pubipennis produce fine red boring dust. Small black domes, the fruiting bodies of the Hypoxylon fungus , may also be present on the bark.

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Leaf death may occur more than a year after the initial infection and months after the tree has been girdled by beetles. The loss of tanoaks to this disease has not only ecological effects, but also cultural ramifications for the Native people who have relied on tanoak acorns as a culturally and spiritually important food source for thousands of years. Not only does this disease kill particular species of acorn-producing trees, but two of those species, black oak and tanoak, are the most valued acorn-producing species used by California Indians statewide today.

This does not mean, of course, that those 12 lack contemporary cultural uses, but only that such uses have not been identified. Additional, as yet unidentified, cultural uses may also exist for the others.